The Role of Narratives Containing the Rules of Exegesis in Criticizing the Two Beliefs of the Akhbārīs

Document Type : Original Article


1 Professor of Hadith and Quran Sciences, Allameh Tabataba’i University. Tehran. Iran.

2 PHD of Hadith and Quran Sciences, Kashan university. Kashan. Iran



The Akhbārīs are a group of Shia scholars who have had various beliefs about the verses and hadithss throughout history. They deny the authority of all verses and condition their argument on having confirmation from the Ahl al-Bayt, and they consider the exegesis of the Quran to be exclusively the domain of the Ahl al-Bayt. Another belief of theirs is the rejection of Qīyās (analogy) in its various forms, including the Qīyās Aulawīyyah and Manṣūṣ al-ʻIllah. There have been numerous written works refuting their beliefs. The present study, with a library-based approach relying on the narratives and rules derived from them, as well as logical and rational analysis of the narrations method, aims to criticize the two beliefs held by the Akhbārīs. Based on contemporary exegesis of hadiths and the extraction of rules from them, this paper focuses on criticizing these two beliefs. These rules include the necessity of the exegesis connection with Arabic grammars, the necessity of linking exegesis with Quranic verses, the necessity of paying attention to the rules of Quranic sciences, including referring to the Mutashābih (unclear) verses to Muḥkam (clear), Meccan and Medinan verses, etc., the necessity of using Ahl al-Bayt hadiths, and the necessity of using reason and logical laws in exegesis. The results indicated that the Ahl al-Bayt have opened the way for systematic exegesis of others by referring to these exegetical rules. Furthermore, through these narrations, the argumentation permission to Qīyās Aulawīyyah also establishes.


Volume 1, Issue 1 - Serial Number 1
January 2024
Pages 129-160
  • Receive Date: 27 November 2023
  • Accept Date: 04 December 2023
  • First Publish Date: 22 December 2023
  • Publish Date: 22 December 2023