Documental and Fiqhul Hadithi Analysis of ʻĀshūrā Fasting Hadiths

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Teachings, Bandargaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bandargaz, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Quran and Hadith Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran.



The jurisprudential commandment on ʻĀshūrā day’s fasting has caused controversy and disagreement among Shia scholars considering the existence of two categories of narrations in the hadith books. This research aims to analyze and validating the two types of narrations on fasting on ʻĀshūrā using descriptive-analytical-critical methodology. The findings indicate that according to the criterion presented by the impeccable Imams regarding innovation, the narrations permitting fasting on ʻĀshūrā were based on taqīyyah (dissimulation). Additionally, the Sunni narrations seem to be fabricated regarding the presence of courtiers as narrators and conflicting content. Although the narrations prohibiting fasting on ʻĀshūrā have weak sanad, they are stronger in terms of prohibition. The significant behavior of Kulaynī in relying only on the narrations of prohibition indicates a lack of credibility in the narrations permitting fasting on ʻĀshūrā. The narrations of prohibition are acceptable and confirm the sanctity of fasting on the day of ʻĀshūrā due to their consistency with the tradition transmitted from the Imams.


  • Receive Date: 05 December 2023
  • Accept Date: 11 December 2023
  • First Publish Date: 01 March 2024
  • Publish Date: 01 March 2024